PERANAN PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH (PAD) DALAM PELAKSANAAN OTONOMI DAERAH DI KOTA LHOKSEUMAWE

Mr Syahrial, Sutoyo Toyo

Sari


This research mainly intends to analyze the role of Regional Original Income (PAD) in the frame work territory autonomy implementation in the city of Lhokseumawe. The result is with the approach of bringing it into a relably material for arranging policy which directly points at the improvement of Regional Original Income as a realization of territory autonomy implementation. The data used in this research is the secondary data which is in the form of Regional Budget (APBD) statistical variable, comprising regional revenue (SLPATL, regional original income, tax/non-tax sharing, contribution and financial support, development revenue) and regional expenditure (regional routine exependiture outside the official exepense, routine expense of regional income service) and Regional Original Income comprising regional tax, regional retribution, Regional-owned corporation (BUMD) profit, officials revenue, and other revenues. The data is taken from financial section, and Lhokseumawe’s regional income service. The analysis method applied is descriptive statistical analysis. The analysis, during the observation period started in the fiscal year of 2001/2002 until of 2010 results in the fact that the average contribution of Regional Income resources toward its total figure, orderly arranged in succession are 53.02% of regional tax, 36.58% of regional retribution, 4.87% of other revenues, 3.53% of Regional-owned Corporation, 1.99% of officials revenue. Regional Original Income growth rate on the average is 14.76% and the highest growth rate on the average is peaked by the Regional-owned Corporation which lies whith the point of 27.15% followed by 22.19% of other revenue, 14,04 of regional tax, 13.96% of regional retribution. Fiscal Autonomy Level (DOF) as the measurement of regional capacity has a standard on the average of 32.96%. The Regional Routine Capacity Level (KRD) reaches the point of 119.15%. The administration performance of Regional Original Income collection which is measured according to effectiveness and efficiency level has figures of 102.62% of effectiveness level on the average and of 16.30% of efficiency level on the average. In the frame work of territory autonomy implementation, it is said Regional Original Income plays an important role in financing adminitration implementation and regional development. Therefore, the effort to minimalize the dependece toward central government can be realized.
Keywords : Willingness to pay, coral reef, community

Referensi


Davey, K.J., (1988), Pembiayaan Pemerintah Daerah–Praktek-praktek Internasional dan Relevansinya bagi Dunia Ketiga, UI Press, Jakarta.

Devas, N., (1997). Indonesian “What do we mean by Decentralization” Public Administration and Development. Vol. 17, 351 – 367.

Gaffar, A., (2000), “Kebijaksanaan Otonomi Daerah dan Implikasinya terhadap Penye-lenggaraan Pemerintahan di Masa Menda-tang”, Wacana, Edisi 5, Tahun II, 31 – 46.

Hirawan, Susiati B, (1987). Analisis tentang Keuangan Daerah di Indonesia, EKI, Vol. XXXIV No. 1, 94 – 95.

Hoessein, B., (2000), “Otonomi Daerah Dalam Negara Kesatuan Sebagai Tanggap terhadap Apresiasi Kemajemukan Masyarakat dan Tantangan Globalisasi”, Usahawan, Tahun XXIX, Nomor 04, 3 – 13.

Jaya, W.K, (1996), “Analisis Potensi Keuangan Daerah”, Modul Program Penataran Mana-jemen Sektor Ekonomi Strategis, Kerjasana Ditjen PUOD dengan Pusat Penelitian dan Pengkajian Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Kaho, Yosef Riwu, (1997). Prospek Otonomi Daerah di Negara RI; Identifikasi Beberapa Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penyeleng-garaannya, Penerbit Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Kuncoro, Mudrajat, (1995). “Desentralisasi Fiskal di Indonesia”, Prisma No.4 : 3 – 17, Jakarta.

Kuncoro, Mudrajat, (1997). Otonomi Daerah Dalam Transisi, Temu Alumni dan Seminar Nasional Manajemen Keuangan Daerah Dalam Era Global, KKD- FE UGM, 12 April 1997, Yogyakarta.

Koswara, E., (2000). Menyongsong Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999: Suatu Telaahan dan Menyangkut Kebijakan, Pelaksanaan dan Kompleksitasnya, CSIS XXIX No. 1, 51 – 52.

Lains, Alfian, (1995). “Pendapatan Daerah Dalam Ekonomi Orde Baru” , Prisma No. 4, 40 – 57.

Miller, Stephen M., dan Russek, Frank S., (1997), “Fiscal Structures and Economic Growth at The State and Local Level”, Public Finance Review, Vol. 25, 213 – 237.

Radianto, Elia, (1997), “Otonomi Keuangan Daerah Tingkat II, Suatu Studi di Maluku, Prisma, No. 3, 39 – 50.

Rasyid, Ryaas M, (1999), Konsep, Kebijakan, dan Implementasi Politik dan Manajemen Pem-bangunan Otonomi Daerah, Bahan Semiloka Nasional, Otonomi Daerah dan Perimba-ngan Keuangan Pusat dan Daerah, Ditjen PUOD Depdagri, Jakarta.

Reksohadiprodjo, S., (1996), Keuangan Negara (Ekonomi Publik) Teori dan Praktek, Jurnal Keuangan dan Akuntansi Publik, Volume I, Nomor 1, 74 – 78.

Republik Indonesia, (1999), Undang-Undang No. 18 Tahun 1997 Tentang Pajak Daerah dan Retribusi Daerah, Jakarta.

Republik Indonesia, 1999, Undang-Undang No. 22 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pemerintahan Daerah, Jakarta.

Saragih, P.J, (1996), “Peningkatan Penerimaan Daerah Sebagai Sumber Pembiayaan Pem-bangunan Daerah”, Perencanaan Pemba-ngunan, Nomor 6, 36 – 43.

Slater, Richard, (1997), Approaches to Streng-thening Local Government : Lessons from Sri Lanka, Public Administration and Development , Vol. 17, 251 – 265.

Widayat, Wahyu, (1994), “Maksimalisasi Pendapatan Asli Daerah Sebagai Kekuatan Ekonomi Daerah”, Jurnal Akuntansi dan Manajemen STIE – YKPN, Yogyakarta, Vol VI, 23 –47.


Teks Lengkap: PDF

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.